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DOUG MARTIN JAZZ RESOURCES

Doug Martin Guitar

Etymology of JAZZ
Jazz: What is the origin of the word Jazz?The Irish word Teas is pronounced jazz, jass, chas, or t'as.

Trace the etymology and sanas of the word JAZZ.
Ellis makes the research available to you in PDF files showing The Etymology of Jazz and many other words that originally come from Irish American Vernacular English providing citations and references.

Ellis goes to Kildare and finds the jazz called St. Brigid's Fire.
It takes the gift of the goddess to unite Karen Ellis and the internetwith the key 1982 "GIN-I-KER" citationfrom the 1940's scholarship of Peter Tamony described by labor leader and folklorist Archie Green as "the keeper of the lore of the Irish clans of San Francisco." WITH Professor Dan Cassidyand the source of the word "Jazz" back to Kildare, Ireland.

"What is the "jazz"?
Why, it's a little of that "old life," the "gin-i-ker," the "pep," otherwise known as enthusiasm. A grain of "jazz" and you feel like going out and eating your way through Twin Peaks. It's that spirit which makes ordinary ball players step around like Lajoies and Cobbs."

The old SF sports slang synonym Scoop uses for jazz is gin-i-ker Pron. "gin" as in the "gin" you drink.

Gin-i-ker is Brigid's proof that Jazz is Teas (pron. jass), meaning heat, passion, excitement, highest temperature.

gin-i-ker (pron. as in "gin" the drink or Jin)
tine a chur (pron. Jina a kir)
To set fire
gin-i-ker is phonetics of tine a chur (jin a kir) and means "set fire" in Irish.
as in he "set fire" to the team. set the team on fire, the game on fire, the field on fire. he set fire to the world series.

Here's the official name of 1913's Boyes Springs where the new hot word jazz (teas, jass, jeat) was born at a baseball training camp that didn't allow its young player's any booze. The word for hot (teasai/) in irish is pronounced jassy. St Bridget's ancient jazz in deed.

  • Far Out Words for Cats
  • From Funky by Peter Tamony in American Speech (Vol. 55, No. 3, Autumn 1980): funky, adj. Authentic, swinging. 1954
    Perhaps the earliest definition of funky is recorded in a brief glossary in Times cover article on Dave Brubeck (8 Nov. 1954): Funky, adj. Authentic, swinging. A week later, Walter Winchell strictured, Time mag goofed with its jazz glossary. Said Funky means authentic swing. Real hipsters say it means old-time rickety jazz (San Francisco Call-Bulletin, 15 Nov. 1954). Obviously, the downhome connotation was being extended by a rebirth of feeling in jazz. The celebrated Bix Beiderbecke was said to have been funky because of his careless personal habits. It was not just a joke that jazz clubs have been and are called toilets. So the adjective was transferred to the rawness, the earthiness of blues played in closely packed, often unventilated, seven-day-sock joints with clogged plumbing, in which most black and white jazzmen have been sentenced to employment.

Recommended Listening

Recommended Readings

In addition, I highly recommend the following reads for further exploration about Django Reinhardt 1910-1953 as well as the history and style of gypsy jazz:

Doug Martin,  Howard
Howard Alden, Doug Martin and Simon Planting Djangofest Northwest, Whidbey Island, WA Sept. 2008 Photo by Scott Bookman

Gypsy Caravan
(When the Road Bends: Tales of a Gypsy Caravan)
2006NR 111 minutes
Join five international bands for a six-week tour of North America in an extravaganza of music and culture. The lyrical documentary features performances by Esma Redzepova, Maharaja, Fanfare Ciocarlia and other artists. Celebrate the diversity of the Romani people and their music, which includes flamenco, brass band, Indian folk, Romanian violin, jazz and raga. Johnny Depp, a fan of the Gypsy lifestyle, appears in this joyful musical portrait.
Cast: Johnny Depp, Fanfare Ciocarlia, Taraf de Haidouks, Antonio El Pipa Flamenco Ensemble, Maharaja, Esma Redzepova

Mailing Lists

Nomadic People and Gypsy jazz terminology

Pictures

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The Story of India PART 22 OF 24

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Gypsy Jazz:
Genre of music evolved after American jazz came to Europe, created by Romani musicians living around Paris in the 1930s, notably Pierre “Baro” Ferret and Django Reinhardt. Also called Hot Club swing, after Django’s first jazz ensemble, le Quintette du Hot Club de France.
La Pompe:

The rhythm technique used by Gypsy guitarists in Hot Club swing music. In English, it means "the pump." This distinct pulse allows one or two guitarists to take the place of drums and keyboard in a traditional Hot Club group.

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Gadje:
Romani term for non-Gypsy.
Gitans:
Romani gypsies (masculine – gitan, feminine gitane).
Grande Bouche:
French for "large mouth." This term pertains to the original Selmer jazz guitar designed by Mario Maccaferri with a large D-shaped sound hole. This design is still preferred by most rhythm guitar players in gypsy swing ensembles today.
Jazz Manouche:
More widely accepted term for Gypsy jazz, from the French branch of the Romani people, the Manouche.
Petite Bouche:
French for ‘small mouth.’ The Selmer acoustic jazz guitar preferred by Django, featuring a small, oval-shaped sound hole for more intense solo projection. Only around a thousand Selmer petite bouche guitars were ever built.
Roma, Romani:
Proper name of the ethnic group commonly known as the Gypsies. The Romani people are believed to have been displaced from Northern India around 1,000 A.D.
Selmer:
Musical instrument company founded by Henri Selmer in Paris, France, which produced Django Reinhardt’s favorite guitar, originally designed for Selmer by Italian luthier Mario Maccaferri. Production on these guitars stopped in the early 1950s. This is the same Selmer Co. which is world famous for their wind instruments.
Sinti:
Also Cinti. Romani people primarily based in Germany and the Netherlands. The Sinti arrived in Germany and Austria in the Middle Ages, eventually splitting into two groups: Eftavagarja ("the Seven Caravans") and Estraxarja ("from Austria"). These two groups then expanded, the Eftavagarja into France, where they are called "Manouches", and the Estraxarja into Italy and Eastern Europe, mainly what are now Croatia, Hungary, Romania, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, eventually adopting various regional names.
The Sinti have produced some number of renowned musicians, such as Drafi Deutscher or the jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt and Biréli Lagrène. The Sinto Häns'che Weiss produced a record in Germany in the 1970s in which he sang about the Poraimos (Roma Holocaust) in his own language. Many younger Germans first learned about this part of Holocaust history as a result of this recording. Titi Winterstein and several members of Reinhardt's clan still play traditional and modern "Gypsy jazz" all over Europe. The jazz keyboardist Joe Zawinul was also of Sinte (Sintenghero) descent. In Italy they are present mainly in Piedmont region. The Romani people recognize divisions among themselves based in part on territorial, cultural and dialectal differences and self-designation. See also * Romani music
Wegen:
Special handcrafted guitar pick made by Dutch artisan Michael Wegen. Formed from synthetic material resembling natural tortoise shell, this plectrum is universally preferred by jazz Manouche guitarists across the globe.
IRISH TRAVELLERS

Irish Travellers (Irish: Lucht siúil) are an itinerant people of Irish origin living in Ireland, Great Britain and the United States. It is estimated that 25,000 Travellers live in Ireland and 7,000 in the United States. The number of Travellers living in Great Britain is uncertain, with estimations ranging between 15,000 and 300,000 Travellers refer to themselves as "Paveesquot;, whereas some English people often refer to them with the derogatory terms "Pikeysquot", "Gyposquot"; "Jidders"; "Shamsquo" or "Knackersquot". In Irish, Travellers are called an Lucht siúil (literally "the people of walking"). Many non-Pavee people (called "buffersquot", "country people" or sometimes "rooters" still use the term "tinkers" from the Irish tincéirí, sg. tincéir or "tinsmith."

Rarely, Travellers were referred to as the "Walking People" by English speakers in Ireland. Scots Language

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