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DOUG MARTIN JAZZ RESOURCES
Etymology of JAZZ
| Gypsy Jazz:
||Genre of music evolved after American jazz came to Europe, created by Romani musicians living around Paris in the 1930s, notably Pierre “Baro” Ferret and Django Reinhardt. Also called Hot Club swing, after Django’s first jazz ensemble, le Quintette du Hot Club de France.|
| La Pompe:
The rhythm technique used by Gypsy guitarists in Hot Club swing music. In English, it means "the pump." This distinct pulse allows one or two guitarists to take the place of drums and keyboard in a traditional Hot Club group.
||Romani term for non-Gypsy.|
||Romani gypsies (masculine – gitan, feminine gitane).|
| Grande Bouche:
||French for "large mouth." This term pertains to the original Selmer jazz guitar designed by Mario Maccaferri with a large D-shaped sound hole. This design is still preferred by most rhythm guitar players in gypsy swing ensembles today.|
| Jazz Manouche:
||More widely accepted term for Gypsy jazz, from the French branch of the Romani people, the Manouche.|
| Petite Bouche:
||French for ‘small mouth.’ The Selmer acoustic jazz guitar preferred by Django, featuring a small, oval-shaped sound hole for more intense solo projection. Only around a thousand Selmer petite bouche guitars were ever built.|
| Roma, Romani:
||Proper name of the ethnic group commonly known as the Gypsies. The Romani people are believed to have been displaced from Northern India around 1,000 A.D.|
||Musical instrument company founded by Henri Selmer in Paris, France, which produced Django Reinhardt’s favorite guitar, originally designed for Selmer by Italian luthier Mario Maccaferri. Production on these guitars stopped in the early 1950s. This is the same Selmer Co. which is world famous for their wind instruments.|
|| Also Cinti. Romani people primarily based in Germany and the Netherlands. The Sinti arrived in Germany and Austria in the Middle Ages, eventually splitting into two groups: Eftavagarja ("the Seven Caravans") and Estraxarja ("from Austria"). These two groups then expanded, the Eftavagarja into France, where they are called "Manouches", and the Estraxarja into Italy and Eastern Europe, mainly what are now Croatia, Hungary, Romania, the Czech Republic and Slovakia, eventually adopting various regional names.
The Sinti have produced some number of renowned musicians, such as Drafi Deutscher or the jazz guitarist Django Reinhardt and Biréli Lagrène. The Sinto Häns'che Weiss produced a record in Germany in the 1970s in which he sang about the Poraimos (Roma Holocaust) in his own language. Many younger Germans first learned about this part of Holocaust history as a result of this recording. Titi Winterstein and several members of Reinhardt's clan still play traditional and modern "Gypsy jazz" all over Europe. The jazz keyboardist Joe Zawinul was also of Sinte (Sintenghero) descent. In Italy they are present mainly in Piedmont region. The Romani people recognize divisions among themselves based in part on territorial, cultural and dialectal differences and self-designation. See also * Romani music
||Special handcrafted guitar pick made by Dutch artisan Michael Wegen. Formed from synthetic material resembling natural tortoise shell, this plectrum is universally preferred by jazz Manouche guitarists across the globe.|
| IRISH TRAVELLERS
Irish Travellers (Irish: Lucht siúil) are an itinerant people of Irish origin living in Ireland, Great Britain and the United States. It is estimated that 25,000 Travellers live in Ireland and 7,000 in the United States. The number of Travellers living in Great Britain is uncertain, with estimations ranging between 15,000 and 300,000 Travellers refer to themselves as "Paveesquot;, whereas some English people often refer to them with the derogatory terms "Pikeysquot", "Gyposquot"; "Jidders"; "Shamsquo" or "Knackersquot". In Irish, Travellers are called an Lucht siúil (literally "the people of walking"). Many non-Pavee people (called "buffersquot", "country people" or sometimes "rooters" still use the term "tinkers" from the Irish tincéirí, sg. tincéir or "tinsmith."
Rarely, Travellers were referred to as the "Walking People" by English speakers in Ireland. Scots Language